FROM PAGES PAST 1971: Dr. Graby warns Keuka College audience of genetic engineering

The Chronicle Express

The Yates County History Center’s volunteers have gleaned these entries for your enjoyment from their digitized newspapers. You can access them at the free site For more information about the YCHC, visit Caption: An old hand tinted postcard of Keuka College where in 1971, Dr. James Graby gave a lecture on the potential impact of genetic manipulation in human engineering.

An old hand tinted postcard of Keuka College where in 1971, Dr. James Graby gave a lecture on the potential impact of genetic manipulation in human engineering.

150 years ago 

Apr. 20, 1871

How to Rest – The best mode of resting when fatigued depends upon the cause of the fatigue and the condition of the person at the time. There is one thing, however, which will always rest a tired person, and that is a sponge or towel bath over the entire surface. Of course, the temperature of the water and the vigor and amount of the rubbing must be graduated to the strength of the person. It is generally best if given by a second person. When the fatigue is mental, arising from over exertion of the brain, the muscles should be called into action, as by walking, horseback riding, rowing, playing ball, pitching quoits, gymnastics, &c. General muscular fatigue is quickly relieved by lying on the face and having some one rub and percuss the back vigorously. Also, but less readily, by lying flat upon the back upon a hard couch or upon the floor, with the hands back of or under the head, but the head not otherwise raised, and taking full deep breaths. Local muscular fatigue may be relieved by rubbing and percussing the part, or by changing position and bringing other parts of the body into action.

The Ku-Klux Congressman are very indignant at the South Carolina member Elliott, not so much because he is black, as because he excels all of them in debate. To be a negro is bad enough in the South; but to be able at the same time is absolutely unpardonable.

Serious Illness of Senator Harpending – A telegram was received on Tuesday evening by Maj. Hanford Struble, from Judge Folger of the Court of Appeals, stating that Hon. A. V. Harpending was dangerously sick with Inflammation of the Lungs. Maj. Struble left for Albany by the next train. A telegram was sent the same evening by Judge Vanderpoel to Mr. Harpending's relatives at Dundee, urging their immediate attendance, as Senator Harpending was in a critical condition, owing to a sudden and violent attack of typhoid pneumonia. Dr. Morse of Elmira was also sent for and took the first train for Albany. We are apprehensive of a fatal result of Mr. Harpending's illness, and shall anxiously await further information.

100 years ago 

Apr. 20, 1921

Mr. Kubli Goes to London – Godfrey Kubli left Penn Yan Monday and sails today on the White Star Liner Olympia for South Hampton, England, where he will go to London and at a small suburb, St. Albans, will set up one of the Walker Bin Co.’s fine grocery store fixtures. This is the third order this firm has sent to England. Mr. Kubli is one of their expert workmen. He came from Switzerland about nine years ago and has worked for this company six years. After he installs this piece of work he will visit some of his wife’s brothers and sisters in London and travel through France and Belgium and on to Switzerland. He has not seen his mother, who lives at Interlaken, for thirteen years. He has a sister at Biel and a brother at Zurick, Switzerland. While in that country he hopes to call at the home of Mrs. Albert Hoffman in Baisle, who will be remembered as Miss Wisner, of Penn Yan. Mr. Kubli expects to return to Penn Yan in June.

Died From Result Of Burns – Harvey Hibbard, of Branchport, died Monday morning after ten days of intense suffering, resulting from burns received while burning leaves and brush in the Branchport cemetery. Mr. Hibbard thought the fire was getting beyond him and would get into some buildings and so attempted to stamp out the flames, which set fire to the clothing on one leg. He put the blaze out by going to a well and then made the fire safe before he visited a doctor. He had not been in robust health. The funeral will be held Thursday, April 21st, at 2 p. m. from the Methodist church at Branchport, Rev. Geo. H. Winkworth officiating. Burial in the Bitely Cemetery, Branchport.

Horse’s Kick Fatal – William Dean, the 16-year-old son of Mr. and Mrs. Benjamin Dean, who live near Branchport, occurred Sunday morning at the local hospital. On April 6th while the young man was hitching up a horse he was kicked in the pit of the stomach. The following day he was taken to the hospital and operated upon, as the injury caused a large gathering. Peritonitis set in, which in his weakened condition, proved fatal. He was an only son. The funeral was held on Wednesday at 2 p. m. from his late home.

75 years ago 

Apr. 18, 1946

Daylight Saving for Penn Yan Starts April 28 – The Village of Penn Yan will work and play on daylight saving time this summer, according to an ordinance adopted by the village board at its meeting this week. Clocks will be adjusted at 2 a.m. Sunday, April 28 and will returned back to normal again the last Sunday in September. At a public hearing on the proposed adoption of daylight saving held Monday evening, Richard Ames. Mr. and Mrs. Leon Wood and J. Nelson Jones, appeared before the board to protest the adoption of the ordnance. Letters were received from the Yates County Industrial club stating that a poll had been taken of the manufactories and replies from 14 showed that 69 per cent of the employees were in favor of and 31 per cent against the change. A letter from the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America local of the Michael’s Stern company, stated that a poll of employees in that factory showed a majority in favor of the adoption of daylight saving, and that company was in favor of the change. The board concluded that the majority of those affected were desirous of using the earlier time through the summer months so the ordnance was adopted.

Seven More Inductees Reporting for Service

The following selectees have been ordered to report for induction into the armed forces:

Warren W. Hadsell, Rushville

Glenn E. Reiners, Penn Yan

Ralph A. Martin, Rushville

Harold L. Bardeen, Rushvile

Welles G. Kubli, Penn Yan

Raymond E. Donley, Naples

James E. Long, Dundee

The following have been ordered to report for pre-induction physical examination:

Harry A. Clute, Rochester

William J. Trank, Dundee

William H. Stocking, Dundee

Roland W. Bogart, Dundee

Donald R. Nielsen, Penn Yan

Richard C. VanAmringe, Penn Yan

Roy R. Anderson, Dundee

Frank F. Luerssen, Penn Yan

Franklin G. Baker, Rock Stream

William E. Mann, Penn Yan

Leon J. Briggs, Penn Yan

Otto C. Hansen, Penn Yan

Lawrence E Tripp, Himrod

Robert R. Grant, Brooklyn

50 years ago 

Apr. 22, 1971

Human Engineering Faced By Society – Human engineering, including genetic manipulation and “test tube” babies will “change our notions about what a person is,” and the “change will occur whether we want it or not,” according to Dr. James K. Graby, associate professor of philosophy and religion at Keuka College. Dr. Graby, currently engaged in a study of medical ethics, said that the tradition of emphasizing the importance of the uniqueness and individuality of each human being will change, and “it seems likely that humans will come to view themselves primarily as segments of a corporate society rather than free and independent selves.” He said that scientists are probably within a matter of months of announcing the birth of babies which were fertilized in test tubes and then replanted into

the uterus of the mother.” Dr. Graby continued, “The location of the defective or mutant genes that are responsible for some of our more pernicious defects is fairly certain, and it seems to be only a matter of time until we are able to correct these genetic defects.

“In addition, we are probably beginning to develop the techniques for actually changing or ‘improving’ human beings by, for example, eliminating aging or giving people much greater brain capacity.”

“The developments that have been taking place in recent decades or that are now in progress may be threatening this whole notion of the individuality of human beings. Under the broad label ‘human engineering,’ we have been doing a number of things which indicate that the uniqueness, the individuality, the selfhood of the human being must be seriously questioned.”

“How can we talk about freedom when we know that individuals are so constituted that they can be controlled? How can we talk about choice when we know that our genetic code places severe limitations on us and that our genetic code is being manipulated?

“In short, it seems quite possible that just as television changed our notions about what it means to communicate, so our work in human engineering and genetic manipulation in particular is going to force us to change our notions about what a person is. And it seems likely, moreover, that the changes will occur whether we want it or not: it will be the result of the human engineering and genetic manipulation which is taking place.”

Village Board Hears Plea For No Burning – The village board of Penn Yan listened to ecology minded citizens at its meeting Monday night and agreed to secure as quickly as possible an interpretation of the law as it pertains to burning within the village.

Miss Mary Gazzetta and Mary Kipp, both active in environmental conservation in the village, appeared before the board to appeal for enforcement of the state regulation which, according to them, states absolutely no burning of any kind is allowed within a village, regardless of size. The village board, according to Mayor John Tusch, was of the opinion that the regulation covered only populated areas over 20,000, and where smaller communities were subject to local regulations, the regulations did not apply to normal kitchen and waste basket paper, as long as there was a covered container.

The board agreed to secure a definite opinion as to what limits apply with respect to burning in the village.

Social Security Teleservice – One out of every five Social Security applications now in process was filed by telephone Perry Myers, Manager of Geneva, N. Y. office, declared today. Mr. Myers explained that the great number of visitors to Social Security offices since Medicare has often resulted in long delays before they could be served. To improve service to the public, Social Security has been adopting new procedures so that it is now possible to handle many Social Security matters by telephone. In fact, claimants may now apply for all types of benefits by telephone. It is also possible to report important events affecting your checks or to obtain information by telephone. Mr. Myers encourages everyone to do this. He states that most offices have established special “Teleservice” units just for this. If they can’t handle your problem immediately they will take your number and call you back.